In the current year of 2019, Estonia continues to see a steady increase in wages. According to official statistics, the minimum wage is about 550 Euro. If we consider the hourly wage, then its level varies from 2 to almost 80 Euro per hour.
Despite the steady growth of the economy of the Baltic state, many Estonian citizens leave for work in other EU countries. The vacant vacancies are actively occupied by Ukrainians and citizens of other CIS countries. The shortage of specialists in various fields and the constant demand for personnel that do not require high qualifications stimulate Ukrainians to go to work in Estonia.
The leadership among the sought-after and popular vacancies held by zarobitchans is demonstrated by the field of computer technology. Experienced, qualified IT specialists receive from 2,000 Euro per month.
Second place is occupied by truckers. In 2019, the level of salaries of representatives of this profession rose to 1,600 Euros.
Demand for trade and service specialists also affected wage growth. Ukrainians who go to Estonia to work as sellers, cooks, seamstresses, auxiliary workers receive from 959 to 1,200 Euros or more.
A steady increase in salaries is demonstrated by the industrial sector and the public sector. Progress in increasing wages has also been observed in the administrative and auxiliary professions. Salary growth from the 2018 level of 7.6% in 2019 reached almost 9%. Second place in revenue growth is held by real estate companies. The staff of this area experienced a salary increase of more than 14%.
It is noteworthy that wage rates also depend on the geographical location of the company. The most lagging regions of Estonia in terms of salary levels are Jõgeva County, Põlva County, where the average salary is about 900 Euro. Harju County is considered to be the leader in incomes of Estonians and labor migrants, where the average salary is more than 1,200 Euros.
According to statistics, the changes affected not only wages, but also the level of employment. There is a sharp increase in laborers, seasonal workers, low-skilled medical personnel, and service workers. The vacancies in these areas are occupied by Ukrainians and citizens of the CIS countries, who stay in Estonia to earn money.
The Baltic state - Estonia is objectively considered to be comfortable and favorable for the work of foreign citizens staying here to earn money from Ukraine, Russia, Belarus, and other CIS countries. Climatic conditions, calm political situation, a significant percentage of the Russian-speaking population, an understandable cultural environment do not require long-term adaptation. Sustainable development of the economy opens up opportunities for professionals in the professional sphere and makes it possible to realize themselves in many directions.
Finding a job in Estonian companies for Ukrainian citizens is not very difficult. More than a third of current vacancies are posted on the Internet. In the job market, there is a high demand for specialists in the following professions;
Official employment in Estonia provides Ukrainian citizens and other foreigners with the rights and freedoms. The employee is protected by law, receives the right to work and rest, has social guarantees. Most vacancies require 5-day employment, with an 8-hour work day.
When employing a foreign citizen for a period of more than 6 months, it becomes necessary to obtain a work permit. The document for the labor migrant is executed by the employer company. The paper is issued on the basis of an application submitted by the employer to the police and the border service. The document details the description of the vacancy, details, features of work. Employers issue a work permit to a labor migrant only if they do not find workers of the required level in Estonia.
Going to work in the Baltic state on an illegal basis is strictly prohibited. The activities of illegal labor migrants in Estonia are suppressed and punished at the legislative level. In the event of a primary violation of migration legislation, a fine of up to 1,700 Euros is imposed on illegal immigrants. Subsequent attempts to cross the border and work in Estonia illegally will result in deportation from the country and a ban on entry for up to 10 years.
The responsibility of employers in Estonia is also regulated at the local level. If they employ illegal immigrants, they will be fined from 1,500 Euros. If the employer has been repeatedly convicted of hiring illegal labor migrants, he faces imprisonment for up to 3 years.