Representatives of the lowest, socially vulnerable groups of society have the greatest risk of falling into the tenacious networks of modern slavery: pensioners receiving a small pension, disabled people, low-paid workers and labor migrants who came to work illegally. Upon arrival in a foreign country, the applicant is looking for earnings, viewing ads in local newspapers, on the Internet. The worker settles in a night shelter, rents a room in cheap areas, and if he has money for money, he spends the night at train stations. As a rule, after several days of such despair, the employer supposedly approaches the poor thing and offers the possibility of earning money.
Further events develop according to the pattern of modern slavery. The employer treats the future employee with alcohol, into which the attacker had previously mixed sleeping pills or clophelin. The person comes to life already “at work”, in an unfamiliar place. He is informed that a sum of money has been paid for him, and it needs to be worked out on voluntary terms. Of course, the passport and other documents are taken from the victim. Some of these illegal immigrants become slave laborers, others become beggars. The specifics of work of slaves who fell into slavery depends on the region. For example, victims of modern slavery in the Moscow region are attracted to the construction industry, in Poland, the Czech Republic - to agricultural work, and in Asian countries - to the porn industry.
An expert in this field, Artem Krischenko, will help clarify the situation in the field of labor migration in the states where there is a threat of becoming a slave. He heads the Anti-Trafficking Department.
The forms of exploitation of migrants leaving from hopelessness in their country are different. First of all, it is labor in the agricultural sector, on livestock farms. There are frequent cases of migrants being recruited into drug dealers - these are harsh realities.
A scheme is also common when people are registered illegally for work in the Baltic countries. From there, modern slaves are sent to the European Union states to be hired on farms. The worst thing is that legally these victims of modern slavery in Europe are not decorated, therefore there are great difficulties with their protection. According to the migration expert, foreign public organizations and police from foreign countries help to detect such cases of the modern slave trade by the Ukrainian police.
According to human rights activists, companies engaged in illegal business - modern slavery, usually act as intermediary firms engaged in employment abroad. Under the same guise of supposedly trustworthy companies, there are often dating services for foreigners, model agencies.
To avoid becoming their victim and to avoid the plight of the slave, you should observe the following precautions:
According to statistics from law enforcement agencies, the percentage of human trafficking in 2018 has increased significantly. At the same time, the cases of disclosing the activities of firms engaged in this type of illegal activity have increased. In more than 20 regions of Ukraine, fraudsters were arrested under the guise of providing surrogate motherhood services.
Also, law enforcement agencies brought 5 cases to court when people were enslaved and sold to organs. In collaboration with the FBI, the police discovered more than 50 illegally operating firms that organized the criminal visa fraud scheme.
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